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Chelyabinsk choose the name of the airport

The third stage of the national project "Great Names of Russia", dedicated to the assignment of the names of prominent compatriots to the main airports of Russia, has started. Results will be announced on the fifth of December.

The names of outstanding compatriots who have glorified the country with their merits and work will complement the official names of 45 Russian airports of international and federal significance. The list of candidates for the assignment of the name to Chelyabinsk International Airport includes nuclear physicist Igor Kurchatov, rocket-propeller Viktor Makeev and military leader Boris Shaposhnikov.

The winner is selected by popular vote. It takes place in universities and shopping malls of Chelyabinsk through questioning, as well as on the website Great Names.

The project was initiated by the Public Chamber of the Russian Federation with the support of the Russian Geographical Society, the Russian Historical Society, the Society of lovers of Russian literature, the Russian Military Historical Society.

Shortlist of candidate names:

Kurchatov Igor Vasilevich  (1903–1960)
Soviet physicist, creator of the national atomic bomb, three times Hero of Socialist Labor.
Born into the family of an honorary citizen of the city of Sim (the territory of the modern Ashinsky district of the Chelyabinsk region) graduate of the Ufa survey school Vasily Alekseevich Kurchatov (1869–1941), who worked as an assistant forester for forest and land management in the Simsk mine and land surveyor in Simbirsk and Tauride provinces. In September 1920, I.V. Kurchatov entered the University of Taurida in the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics. By the summer of 1923, despite the hunger and need, he graduated from the university ahead of schedule and with great success. In the summer I worked on the construction of the railway, now as a watchman, or as a tutor. Entered the 3rd year of the shipbuilding department of the Petrograd Polytechnic Institute.
In 1925, on the recommendation of Professor S.N. Usaty, with whom Kurchatov worked in Baku, became a research assistant at the Physicotechnical Institute in Leningrad under the leadership of Academician A.F. Ioffe
From October 1, 1930 Head of the Physical Department of the Leningrad Institute of Physics and Technology.
One of the first (in 1932) in the USSR began to study the physics of the atomic nucleus. At this time, I.V. Kurchatov was a member of the Physics Department of the Radium Institute, headed by V.G. Khlopin, and at the same time headed the laboratory for the study of the atomic nucleus, established at LFTI on the initiative of A.F. Ioffe In 1932, G.A. Gamow (later emigrating to the USA) and L.V. Mysovsky presented to the consideration of the Scientific Council of the Institute a draft of the new device, and after its approval, under the guidance and with the direct participation of G.А. Gamow (at the initial stage), I.V. Kurchatova and L.V. Mysovskiy, the first cyclotron in Europe (launched in 1937); It was on this setup that I.V. Kurchatov. In 1936, I.V. Kurchatov, B.V. Kurchatov, L.I. Rusinov and L.V. Mysovskiy at the Radium Institute discovered the phenomenon of isomerism of artificially created nuclei.
Kurchatov is considered the founder of the Soviet atomic project; he led it from the very start on September 28, 1942, to his own death.
Under the leadership of Kurchatov, the world's first 400-kilowatt RDS-6s hydrogen bomb, exploded on August 12, 1953, was also developed.
Later, it was the Kurchatov team that developed the AN602 (Tsar-Bomba) thermonuclear bomb of a record power of 52,000 kilotons.

Viktor Petrovich Makeev (1924–1985)
Creator of the scientific design school for naval strategic rocket science of the Soviet Union and Russia, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Academician of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, twice Hero of Socialist Labor.
Born in a working class family. In 1930, the family moved to Moscow. From 15 years old, having finished 7 classes of school, Victor worked at an aviation factory as a draftsman and at the same time went to high school, then worked as a designer.
After the beginning of the war, together with the plant was evacuated to Kazan. From 1942 he studied at the Kazan Aviation Institute. The factory produced Pe-2 dive bombers at that time. Already here, Viktor Petrovich showed his design skills, for which he was awarded the medal "For Valiant Labor in the Great Patriotic War".
In 1944 he moved to study at the Moscow Aviation Institute, which he graduated in 1948. The diploma practice was held in the NII-88 (Kaliningrad, Moscow region, since 1996 - the city of Korolev), under the leadership of Sergei Pavlovich Korolev.
In 1952, in the Design Bureau-1 (Special Design Bureau), Koroleva Makeev was appointed the lead designer of the project to create the first R-11 liquid fuel rocket. The tests were successful, and the rocket was put into service in the early 1950s. Later, its marine modification, the R-11FM, was created. So the main direction of work of the group under the leadership of Viktor Petrovich became missiles with an underwater launch.
It was decided to create a special design bureau for the development of missiles for submarines in the Urals. In March 1955, by the order of the minister, the 30-year-old Makeev was appointed "the chief designer of SKB-385 and at the same time the deputy chief designer of the OKB-1 S.P. The Queen of the rocket R-11 ". By this time, Viktor Petrovich, having taken a lot from the royal principles of work organization, had completely moved at the end of 1959 from Zlatoust to Miass, a powerful head design bureau with a developed production and specific experimental base.
KB mechanical engineering becomes the leading scientific and design organization of the country. Under the leadership of Viktor Petrovich, an extensive cooperation of research institutes, design bureaus, manufacturers, test sites formed, solving the tasks of developing, manufacturing, testing and operating ballistic missiles of submarines in the interests of the Navy.
The result of the activities of Makeev was the creation of a national school of marine rocket production. Three generations of naval missile systems, an operational-tactical land rocket known in the world as the Scud, all modern SLBMs are the result of the work of V.P. Makeeva, the fruits of labor of the design bureau led by him. He also led the work of the Scientific Council of the USSR Academy of Sciences on the mechanics of structures made of composite materials, which brought together the efforts of the country's leading scientists and leading design and technological organizations in the creation of new materials and efficient structures.
Under the direction and with the participation of Makeev in Miass, the construction of a small town with a shopping center, a hotel, palaces of culture and sports was carried out. With his assistance, issues of construction and financing of important urban facilities, the design and construction of a trolleybus station "Mashgorodok", a television tower, the construction of a new railway station and other facilities were resolved.

Boris Mikhailovich Shaposhnikov (1882–1945)
Russian and Soviet military leader, military and state leader, military theorist. Marshal of the Soviet Union (1940).
Born on October 2, 1882 in Zlatoust, Ufa Province, Russian Empire, in the family of employees. Father, Mikhail Petrovich (1837–1912), a native of the Orenburg Cossacks, served privately. Mother, Pelagia Kuzminichna, worked as a teacher. B.M. Shaposhnikov studied at the Krasnoufimsk industrial and Perm real schools, which he graduated in 1899.
From August 1914, he participated in the First World War as an adjutant of the headquarters of the 14th Cavalry Division of the 14th Army Corps on the South-Western Front, showed a good knowledge of tactics, showed personal courage.
In November 1917, at the congress of delegates of the military revolutionary committees, he was elected head of the Caucasian Grenadier Division.
From March 4, 1919 - First Assistant Chief of Staff of the Commissariat of Defense of the Ukrainian SSR. From August 15, 1919 - Chief of the Intelligence Division, and from October 12 - Chief of the Operational Directorate of the Field Headquarters of the Republic Military Revolutionary Military Council.
He took part in the development of a plan to defeat the Denikin troops in October 1919. One of the authors of the plans of campaigns of 1920 in the South-Western and Western fronts and in the Crimea.
During the Civil War, Shaposhnikov developed most of the basic directives, orders, instructions to fronts and armies. In 1921 he was awarded the Order of the Red Banner.
In 1930 he joined the VKP (b). Since July 1931 - Commander of the Volga Military District. In the years 1932-1935 - the head, military commissar and professor of the Military Academy named after M.V. Frunze.
On May 7, 1940, Shaposhnikov was awarded the title of Marshal of the Soviet Union. In August 1940, for health reasons, he was removed from the post of Chief of the General Staff and appointed Deputy Commissar of Defense of the USSR for the construction of fortified areas (UR). From September 10, 1939 to April 9, 1941 - member of the Defense Committee at the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR.
With the beginning of the Great Patriotic War - from June 23 to July 16, 1941 in the Council for Evacuation under SNK of the USSR. Since July 10, a member of the Supreme Headquarters. From July 21 to July 30, 1941, Chief of Staff of the Commander-in-Chief of the Western Direction. On July 29, re-appointed head of the General Staff of the Red Army. With his direct participation, proposals were developed for the preparation and conduct of a counteroffensive by the Red Army in the winter of 1941-1942. From May 1942 to June 1943 - Deputy Commissar of Defense of the USSR. In June 1943 he was appointed Chief of the General Staff Military Academy.