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Columbia (the USA, South Carolina)


Treaty on cooperation with Chelyabinsk signed in 1995.

 Columbia is the capital of South Carolina, with a population of 123 000 citizens without the suburbs and about 690 000 citizens including suburbs. The city was founded in 1787, it is situated in the centre of the State where the Broad River and the Saluda River merge to form the Congaree River. The total area is about 350 square kilometers.

Today Columbia has diversified economy, with the major employers in the area being South Carolina state government, the Palmetto Health hospital system, Blue Cross Blue Shield of South Carolina, Palmetto GBA, and the University of South Carolina. Major manufacturers such as Square D, CMC Steel, Spirax Sarco, Michelin, International Paper, Pirelli Cables, Honeywell, Westinghouse Electric, Harsco Track Tech, Trane, Intertape Polymer Group, Union Switch & Signal, FN Herstal, Solectron, and Bose Technology have facilities in the Columbia area. There are over 70 foreign affiliated companies and fourteen Fortune 500 companies in the region. Several companies have their global, continental, or national headquarters in Columbia, including Colonial Life & Accident Insurance Company, the second-largest supplemental insurance company in the USA.

In the coming years some revolutionary changes are expected due to the foundation of the economic development arm of the University of South Carolina, a research center «Innovista» which is to be situated on the territory of over 80 hectares (comprising about 460 thousand square meters of laboratories, office space, stores and housings). The researches in biology and medicine, environment control, nanotechnologies and advanced fuels are to be carried out there.

All types of art are developed in Columbia but the most preferable one is music. Some high education institutions have their own music bands. There are educational programs in the sphere of music. The South Carolina Philharmonic Orchestra, The Columbia City Jazz Dance Company and The Columbia Choral Society are well-known all over the world. There are more than 10 theatres, 7 art galleries, dance companies, art schools and the philharmonic orchestra in the city.